The effect of spirituality and religious attendance on the. In light of the fact that spiritual struggles are readily experienced by college students, albeit in varying intensities, what personal traits and attributes play a role in provoking them. Spirituality is a dynamic and intrinsic aspect of humanity through which persons seek ultimate meaning, purpose and transcendence, and experience relationship to self, family. Examining the mediating role of religious and spiritual struggles. A critical issue involves identifying the religious factors that buffer this relationship. Thus, it is important for psychologists and other health care providers to be aware of the dual nature of religion and spirituality. Spiritual struggles and mental health tweet phrases like spiritual struggle and experiential avoidance might not typically be heard in everyday conversation, but a short chat with bowling green state university psychology professor dr. Previous studies have established robust links between religiousspiritual struggles rs struggles and poorer wellbeing and psychological distress. What role do religion and spirituality play in mental health. Religious and spiritual rs struggles capture spiritual distress and are broadly defined as distress within rs domains exline, 20.
Personal distress can increase when individuals use prayer as a form of. Students in faithbased doctoral psychology programs. Findings reveal strong and independent associations between each type of spiritual struggle and psychological distress, and they also show that these patterns. Coping with moral struggles arising from coronavirus. Pdf morally injurious events and psychological distress. Two other scales appeared to replicate domains that formed part of the framework we originally used to select the items. Clinical depression consists of a group of disorders with various causes. Based on past research it was hypothesized that distress from clinical work would predict heightened rs struggles and. These distress factors correlated with most of the independent group factors corresponding to the original dimensions of the rss, especially ultimate meaning and divine struggles. To date, however, this literature has focused primarily on.
Are religious comforts and strains associated with. More generally, the results of this study highlight the importance of religious coping for minority adults and the differential way positive and negative religious coping are associated with measures of psychological distress. Particular attention has been focused on three specific types of such struggles. Jackson, in evidencebased practice in palliative medicine, 20. A growing literature examines the correlates and sequelae of. To further develop a framework for understanding and treating the sequelae of pmie exposure, we examined the role of rs. Research indicates that trauma can precipitate a loss of faith and struggles in the spiritual domain, leading to increased suicide risk. Spiritual distress an overview sciencedirect topics.
Cc0 public domain adopting an islamic concept of coping with spiritual. When using a spiritual coping framework, spiritual struggles may be conceptualized as originating in stressors that destabilize a persons spirituality, exacerbating the individuals distress over and above what the original stressor would have precipitated. Struggles with ones rs beliefs andor practices may also contribute to elevated psychological distress. Dec 27, 2009 the issue of missing data deserves comment. Selfesteem, equanimity, psychological distress, and spiritual distress. They further added that there is a wide range of psychological distress, ranging from mild to extreme, with. Research also indicates that a subset of grievers struggles significantly and for a. This study is one of the first attempts to examine the relationships between religious and spiritual struggles rs struggles measured comprehensively and indicators of psychological distress i. The correlates of spiritual struggle during the college years.
Limited research has examined rs struggles among atheists, generally conflating them. Mindfulnessbased cognitive therapy for psychological. This is the first study to empirically address this question. The impact of spirituality on mental health mental health foundation. Limited research has examined rs struggles among atheists, generally. What are the unique spiritual and mental health consequences of the three different types of forgiveness i. Terminally ill patients are often confronted with severe existential symptoms and spiritual distress that can challenge health care providers. Spiritual beliefs are frequently important in medical decisions.
Findings reveal strong and independent associations between each type of spiritual struggle and psychological distress, and they also show. The values violated by pmies are often influenced by ones religionspirituality rs. Robust links between religiousspiritual struggles, psychological distress, and wellbeing in a national sample of american adults. What are the dimensions of forgiveness and spiritual distress among psychiatric inpatients. Also consistent with our prediction, the relationship between spiritual struggles. After outlining a series of theoretical arguments linking negative interaction with health and wellbeing. Morally injurious events and psychological distress among veterans. However, little is known about the specific types of spiritual struggles that may confer risk. Religious and spiritual struggles are expressions of conflict, question, and doubt regarding matters of faith, god, and religious relationships. Struggles with ones rs beliefs and or practices may also contribute to elevated psychological distress.
Briefly most missing values occur on items tapping spiritual struggles or other aspects of religious involvement, or on the measure of psychological distress. The present study assessed 96 doctoral psychology students at apaaccredited faithbased institutions to further understand the relationships between distress from clinical work, religious and spiritual rs struggles, and negative affect. Spiritual struggles and suicide in veterans seeking ptsd. A growing literature examines the correlates and sequelae of spiritual struggles.
The spiritual aspects of dying are particularly challenging in that there is a lack of consensus on the definition of spirituality, who. Given the message that discomfort is unacceptable and that drugs and alcohol are ever present, it is little wonder that our children reach out for a chemical answer. This study examines the effects of negative interaction in church on psychological distress. Findings underscore the importance of assessing religious comfort in spirituality and health studies, but also support the current focus on spiritual struggles. Positive and negative religious coping as predictors of. Additionally, social support has been studied as one of the mechanisms through which religious attendance may yield a positive impact on physical and mental health 20 22. Rs struggles have been correlated with emotional distress and commonly manifest. Bifactor models of religious and spiritual struggles. Spiritual pain or distress can be normal feelings for someone who is living with illness. When trauma, spirituality, and mental illness intersect. Scholars have indeed linked disappointment with god and spiritual struggles to depressive symptoms and psychological distress ellison and lee 2010.
Debakey veterans affairs medical center in houston, texas, conducted a study of 155 veterans examining the relationship between moral injury events, psychological distress, and religiousspiritual struggles. Spiritual distress most often occurs when a person is experiencing change, challenges, physical and emotional pain, other symptoms, and losses associated with serious illness. Request pdf spiritual struggles and psychological distress. This brief report examines the utility of a newly developed measure, the religious and spiritual struggles scale in gauging suicide risk in veterans. On the other hand, greater rs conflicts with god or other people over faith predict greater psychological distress, particularly if spiritual struggles remain chronic and unresolved.
It is also important to point out that just as the psychological variable can be seen through the lens of shame, so too can our. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for future work linking religion, and particularly spiritual struggles, with health behaviors and outcomes. It may also confound the relationship between psychological distress and negative life events as it may be associated with both constructs 18, 19. Meaning violations, religiousspiritual struggles, and. Abstract depression is one of the most pervasive disorders and a leading cause of disability worldwide. Forgiveness and spiritual distress in an inpatient. Religious and spiritual struggles rs strugglestension or conflicts regarding religious or spiritual mattershave been robustly linked to greater psychological distress and. A phenomenological analysis of college students spiritual. Positive coping strategy in islam linked with less depression, anxiety from spiritual struggles 14 august 2018 credit.
Previous studies have established robust links between religious spiritual struggles rs struggles and poorer wellbeing and psychological distress. These missing cases are handled via listwise deletion, which accounts for nearly all of the 20% case loss 298 of the initial 1,445. Regarding the consequences of spiritual struggle, we found that struggling relates to lower levels of psychological wellbeing, physical health, and selfesteem. Coping with moral struggles arising from coronavirus stress. Religious and spiritual struggles rs struggles tension or conflicts regarding religious or spiritual mattershave been robustly linked to greater psychological distress and lower wellbeing. Positive coping strategy in islam linked with less. Pdf religious resources, spiritual struggles, and mental. Religious resources, spiritual struggles, and mental health in a nationwide sample of pcusa clergy. Certain forms of spiritual struggles can contribute to higher levels of distress, especially if god is viewed as being punitive, vengeful and withholding. Psychological distress is a general term used to describe unpleasant feelings or emotions that impact your level of functioning. Meaning violations, religiousspiritual struggles, and meaning in life in the face of stressful life events judith e. Introduction to the special section on religion and. Spiritual crisis and distress in an african american sample robert a.
Most research in this area has relied on samples consisting predominantly of participants who believe in gods. Spiritual struggles arise when practices that used to connect people with beauty lose their spiritual power. Mirowsky and ross 1989 add that psychological distress is the unpleasant subjective state of depression and anxiety being tense, restless, worried irritable and afraid, which has both emotional and psychological manifestations. Spiritual distress spiritual distress can be defined as the impaired ability to experience. Mindfulnessbased cognitive therapy for japanese breast cancer patientsa. As predicted, the relationship between spiritual struggles and symptoms of psychological distress was stronger as reports of experiential avoidance increased. In other words, it is psychological discomfort that interferes with. Correspondingly, rs struggles are conceptualized as signs of spiritual disorientation, tension, and strain pargament, 2007, p. It seems that when depression leads people to struggle. Consequently, the treatment profile is also diversified.
In contrast, in our previous observational study, we demonstrated that mbct yielded significant improvement in psychological distress, spiritual wellbeing, and qol in a sample of japanese patients with breast cancer. A growing body of research has linked these spiritual struggles to higher levels of psychological distress, declines in physical health and even greater risk of mortality. This brief report examines the utility of a newly developed measure, the religious and spiritual struggles scale in gauging suicide risk in. Mindfulness meditation training for spiritual struggles. These analyses demonstrate the discriminant validity of religiousspiritual struggles and the complexity of their relationships with religiousness and distress. Understanding the relationship between spiritual struggles and. Religious spiritual rs struggles from a psychological perspective religious spiritual rs struggles occur when some aspect of rs belief, practice or experience becomes a focus of negative thoughts or emotions, concern or conflict exline, 20. Spiritual quest and aestheticallybased spiritual experience. Debakey veterans affairs medical center in houston, texas, conducted a study of 155 veterans examining the relationship between moral injury events, psychological distress, and religious spiritual struggles. Religiousspiritual rs struggles from a psychological perspective religiousspiritual rs struggles occur when some aspect of rs belief, practice or experience becomes a focus of negative thoughts or emotions, concern or conflict exline, 20. Understanding and addressing religious and spiritual. Religious and spiritual struggles rs strugglestension or conflicts regarding religious or spiritual mattershave been robustly linked to greater psychological distress and lower wellbeing. Request pdf robust links between religious spiritual struggles, psychological distress, and wellbeing in a national sample of american adults this study is one of the first attempts to.259 1267 574 829 803 44 1246 12 763 1364 1570 1342 995 442 7 801 844 1208 76 1047 197 473 1028 1558 643 1338 817 556 1095 1016 482 1299 1354 824 921 66 1420 203 186 508 457 352 1413